About us

CARIM-East: An Observatory of Migration East of Europe

CARIM-East is the first migration observatory focused on the Eastern Neighbourhood of the European Union.

The project covers all countries of the Eastern Partnership initiative (Belarus, Ukraine, the

Republic of Moldova, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan) and Russian Federation. The project’s two main themes are:

(1) migration from the region to the European Union (EU) focusing in particular on countries of emigration and transit on the EU’s eastern border; and

(2) intraregional migration in the post-Soviet space.

The project started on 1 April 2011 as a joint initiative of the European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy (the lead institution), and the Centre of Migration Research (CMR) at the University of Warsaw, Poland (the partner institution).

CARIM researchers undertake comprehensive and policy-oriented analyses of very diverse aspects of human mobility and related labour market developments east of the EU and discuss their likely impacts on the fast evolving socio-economic fabric of the six Eastern Partners and Russia, as well as that of the European Union.

In particular, CARIM-East:

  • builds a broad network of national experts from the region representing all principal disciplines focused on human migration, labour mobility and national development issues (e.g. demography, law, economics, sociology, political science). One of the most beneficial outcomes of the project is the enduring links between researchers, practitioners, policy-makers, media workers, and other stakeholders concerned with migration and human development;
  • develops a comprehensive database to monitor migration stocks and flows in the region, relevant legislative developments and national policy initiatives;
  • undertakes, jointly with researchers from the region, systematic and ad hoc studies of emerging migration issues at regional and national levels. In particular, the project aims to sponsor applied, policy-oriented research to assist practitioners, policymakers and other stakeholders in the development of expertise and capacity to address contemporary migration challenges;
  • provides opportunities for scholars from the region to participate in workshops organized by the EUI and CMR, including academic exchange opportunities for PhD candidates;
  • provides forums for national and international experts to interact with policymakers and other stakeholders in the countries concerned.

Migration is an international process that is often analyzed only from national perspectives.

CARIM-East provides both national and regional perspectives. The involvement of institutions from the EU and the region facilitates the identification and closure of existing information gaps and, thus, enhances understanding of challenges posed by migration and labour mobility in the region and their potential implications for member countries of the European Union. The participation of regional representatives in the project enables CARIM-East researchers to better target their policy-oriented research by tailoring research designs to the region’s specificities. The combined research capabilities of the EUI and CMR offer high-level expertise to address these issues.

Migration is a complex phenomenon affected by many factors that range from individual preferences to move to broad macroeconomic influences on human mobility.

CARIM-East adopted an interdisciplinary approach to enhance the understanding of diverse aspects of migratory processes. This multifaceted approach assists practitioners and policy-makers in developing a better understanding of migratory phenomena and, thus, enhances their ability to find practical solutions to complex problems posed by migration and labour mobility in the region.

The project contributes to the fostering of a harmonized approach to migration data collection and analysis both within the region and between the region and the EU. This is achieved through the development of a unified methodology of collection and processing and dissemination of reliable, current and comparable data on demographic, economic, legal and political dimensions of migration. The availability of more dependable and accurate information will help those concerned with migratory processes in the region and between the latter and the EU to develop more informed approaches to policy making and to better tailor policies to achieve practical outcomes.

The project builds on the EUI’s experience gained through its Euro-Mediterranean Consortium for Applied Research on International Migration (CARIM-South) project (www.carim.org), which focused on migration in the Mediterranean region. The linking of CARIM-South and CARIM-East projects will create a comprehensive body of knowledge that will facilitate more accurate monitoring and analysis of migratory phenomena, relevant legislative developments and national policy initiatives South and East of the European Union.


Partner institution

Centre of Migration Research, University of Warsaw

The Centre of Migration Research (CMR) is an interdisciplinary, inter-faculty research unit of the University of Warsaw, specializing in studies of migration processes in Poland and Europe. CMR comprises three research groups: Economics of Migration; Integration and Ethnic Relations; and Migration Policies.

The CARIM-East team at CMR is led by Professor Stefan Markowski and includes two research officers: Ms Zuzanna Brunarska and Ms Joanna Nestorowicz.